Are You Liable? Sewer Bill Charges After Ending Your Lease

sewer bill charges
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When tenants move out of the apartment after ending the lease agreement, are they liable to pay sewer bill charges? The relationship between tenant and landlord is an important factor in rental properties. Tenants are expected by their landlords to carry out their end of the bargain, which includes paying the rent and utility bills. 

In this post, we’ll discuss who is responsible for paying any related costs. We’ll go over everything you need to know before deciding, such as whether it makes sense for tenants to pay the bills upfront when vacating the apartment. 

What are Sewer Bill Charges

Sewerage bill charges, also known as sewer bills or sewage charges, refer to fees assessed for the use and maintenance of sewer systems. These charges are typically billed by the local utility or municipality and cover the cost of collecting, transporting, treating, and disposing of wastewater and sewage from residential, commercial, and industrial properties. Sewerage bill charges can vary depending on factors such as the amount of water used, property size, and local regulations. 

They may include:

  • Usage Charges — These charges are based on the volume of water consumed by a property, typically measured in units such as gallons or cubic meters. The utility company calculates usage charges using meter readings.
  • Base Fees — Some sewerage bills include a fixed base fee that covers basic service costs, regardless of water usage. This fee helps fund the maintenance and operation of the sewer system infrastructure.
  • Sewer Treatment Costs — Sewer bills may include charges associated with treating wastewater to remove contaminants and pollutants before it is discharged into the environment. These costs cover the operation of wastewater treatment plants and compliance with environmental regulations.
  • Infrastructure Maintenance — Sewerage bill charges may also contribute to funding the maintenance, repair, and expansion of sewer system infrastructure, including pipes, pump stations, and treatment facilities.
  • Administrative Fees — Utility companies or municipalities may levy administrative fees to cover the cost of billing and customer service functions related to sewerage services.
  • Environmental and Regulatory Fees — In some areas, sewer bills may include additional fees to support environmental protection initiatives or comply with regulatory requirements related to water quality and pollution control.

Common Rental Apartment Utilities 

Renters or tenants commonly pay for several utilities depending on their rental agreement and the location. It’s important for renters to carefully review their lease agreements to understand which utilities they are responsible for paying and which might be included in their rent.

Six common utilities that renters or tenants might be responsible for include:

  • Electricity — This covers the cost of powering lights, appliances, heating, and cooling systems within the rental unit.
  • Water and Sewer — Tenants often pay for water usage and sewage disposal. This can be billed directly by the utility company or included in the rent as a flat fee.
  • Natural Gas or Propane — If the rental unit uses gas for heating, cooking, or hot water, tenants typically pay for the gas usage.
  • Internet and Cable — While not always considered essential, internet and cable services are common utilities that tenants arrange and pay for separately.
  • Trash and Recycling — Some rental agreements include waste disposal services, while others require tenants to arrange and pay for trash and recycling collection.
  • Heating and Cooling (if not included) — In some cases, especially in apartments with individual HVAC systems, tenants may be responsible for heating and cooling costs.

How Should Utilities Be Handled in Rental Properties

When tenants move in or out, facilitate the transfer of utility accounts, including sewer bill charges, or ensure meters are read accurately. Update billing information promptly to avoid disputes or confusion. Handling utilities in rental properties requires clear communication, adherence to legal requirements, and fair practices for both landlords and tenants. 

Educate Tenants

Ensure tenants understand their utility responsibilities from the outset. Provide information about utility providers, average costs, and any billing procedures unique to the property.

Set Clear Policies 

Establish policies for handling utility-related issues, such as late payments, disconnections, or excessive usage. Communicate these policies clearly to tenants and enforce them consistently.

Monitor Usage

Track utility usage in rental properties to identify anomalies or excessive consumption. Regular monitoring can help prevent surprises and address issues promptly.

Provide Utility Efficiency Tips

Offer tenants suggestions for conserving energy and water to reduce utility costs. Providing energy-efficient appliances and fixtures can also help lower utility bills over time.

Address Disputes Promptly

If disputes arise regarding utility payments or charges, address them promptly and impartially. Document all communications and resolutions to avoid misunderstandings.

Comply with Legal Requirements

Familiarize yourself with local laws and regulations regarding utility billing, security deposits, and tenant rights. Ensure your utility practices align with legal requirements to avoid potential legal issues.

Consider Utility Submetering

In some cases, especially for multi-unit properties, installing submeters can allow tenants to be billed directly for their individual utility usage. This can promote fairness and accountability among tenants.

Maintain Transparency

Be transparent about utility costs and billing practices throughout the tenancy. Provide tenants with copies of utility bills or usage data upon request to foster trust and transparency.

Are You Liable For Unpaid Sewer Bill Charges After Ending Your Lease

Every property owner must make a crucial decision: whether to place the utilities in the tenant’s name or your own. Including utilities in the rental overall price can increase the property’s appeal and convenience. Whether it’s against the law for landlords to require tenants to pay for sewer bills depends on local regulations, landlord-tenant laws, and the terms of the lease agreement. In many jurisdictions, it’s common for landlords to pass on sewer bills to tenants, but there can be limitations or requirements on how this is done. Here are some factors to consider: 

  • Tenant Responsibility — If the lease agreement specifies that tenants are responsible for paying sewer bills during their tenancy and any outstanding balances upon moving out, then the tenants are typically liable for the unpaid sewer charges.
  • Landlord Responsibility — In some cases, landlords may agree to include sewer charges in the rent or take on responsibility for paying sewer bills as part of the lease agreement. If this is the case and there are unpaid sewer charges after the tenants move out, the landlord may be responsible for covering those costs.
  • Deposit Deduction — If tenants paid a security deposit at the beginning of the lease, landlords may deduct unpaid sewer charges from the deposit before returning any remaining funds to the tenants. However, any deductions must typically comply with local laws regarding security deposits.
  • Local Regulations — Some localities may have laws or regulations that specify what utilities landlords can or cannot pass on to tenants. These regulations may also dictate how utilities are allocated and billed.
  • Lease Agreements — The terms of the lease agreement between the landlord and tenant govern each party’s responsibilities, including utility payments. If the lease specifies that the tenant is responsible for paying sewer bills, it’s generally lawful for the landlord to enforce this provision.

Can a Utility Auditor Help Decide Who’s Responsible for Unpaid Sewer Bill Charges

Utility audit consultants can play a crucial role in determining responsibility for unpaid utility bills after moving out of an apartment by conducting a thorough analysis of utility usage, billing statements, lease agreements, and applicable regulations. Here’s how a utility auditor might assist in unpaid sewer bill charges:

Reviewing Lease Agreements

A utility auditor can examine the lease agreement between the landlord and the tenant to identify provisions related to utility payments. This includes determining whether the tenant or the landlord is responsible for paying specific utilities during the tenancy and upon move-out.

Analyzing Sewer Bills

The auditor can review utility bills for the relevant period to identify any unpaid charges and discrepancies. They can verify the accuracy of the billing statements and determine which party, the tenant or the landlord, should be responsible for the outstanding balances based on the terms of the lease agreement.

Providing Expert Advice

Based on their expertise in utility billing and regulations, utility auditors can offer expert opinions on the allocation of responsibility for unpaid utility bills. They can advise landlords and tenants on their rights and obligations under the lease agreement and applicable laws.

Documentation and Reporting

A sewer bill auditor can compile their findings into a comprehensive report documenting the analysis process, identified issues, and recommendations for resolving disputes over unpaid utility bills. This report can serve as valuable evidence in legal proceedings or negotiations between the parties involved.

Frequently Asked Questions

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What happens if a tenant fails to pay their sewer bill?

If a tenant fails to pay their sewer bill, the utility company may take action to collect the debt, which could include penalties, service disconnection, or legal proceedings. Additionally, landlords may deduct unpaid sewer charges from the tenant’s security deposit if local laws allow it.

Can landlords include sewer charges in the rent?

Yes, landlords have the option to include sewer charges in the rent if they choose to do so. This arrangement should be clearly stated in the lease agreement.

Am I responsible for sewer bills after I move out of the rental property?

Responsibility for unpaid sewer bills after moving out depends on the terms of the lease agreement and local laws. If the lease stipulates that tenants are responsible for sewer charges during their tenancy and upon move-out, they may be held liable for any outstanding balances.

Can landlords pursue legal action for unpaid sewer bills?

Yes, landlords have the right to pursue legal action to collect unpaid sewer bills if tenants fail to fulfill their obligations as outlined in the lease agreement. However, they must do so within the bounds of landlord-tenant laws and regulations.

What should I do if I believe there is an error in my sewer bill?

If you believe your sewer bill contains an error, you should promptly contact the utility company to discuss the issue and seek a resolution. Providing any relevant documentation or evidence can help expedite the process of rectifying billing errors.


Hopefully, this article has cleared up the confusion about sewer bill charges after ending your lease. When renters vacate the apartment or property with unpaid utility bills, it’s important to consider what actions to take to settle them. Having our expert sewer bill auditing company examine your monthly consumption and bills can help you recoup the unpaid sums. Contact us today.

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